Progress toward characterization of the atmospheric boundary layer over northern Alabama using observations by a vertically pointing, S-band profiling radar during VORTEX-Southeast

The spatiotemporal variability of the atmospheric boundary layer regulates the atmosphere's ability to generate and sustain severe thunderstorms. Boundary layer evolution poses significant challenges for numerical weather prediction because both its vertical and horizontal inconsistencies are not handled by most operational models. Using a ground-based vertically pointing radar can reveal additional details about the evolution and character of the boundary layer. Researchers developed an algorithm for observations collected during the Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX) by a vertically-pointing radar. The algorithm automatically separated observations of precipitation and non-precipitation, and allows for further identification of important boundary layer features of interest to the VORTEX-SE community.