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Short-range weather modeling application released to forecasting community
Theo Stein

Short-range weather modeling application released to forecasting community

Data sharing will enable new innovations in numerical weather prediction science

Today, NOAA and its partners are accelerating the advancement of numerical weather prediction by sharing a second application based on the Unified Forecasting System (UFS) framework with the scientific community. This code will enable users to make improvements that focus on the short-range weather applications, critical for life-saving weather and water forecasts in the U.S. during extreme events such as severe weather outbreaks, including tornadoes, as well as blizzards, floods, and hurricanes. The short-range weather application predicts atmospheric behavior on a timescale from less than an hour to several days.

Sample 3-km forecast output from the short-range weather application depicting accumulated precipitation (left) and simulated composite radar reflectivity (right). Credit: NOAA

This release is part of the ongoing effort to transition to an open, community development paradigm and accelerate the advancement of environmental prediction models. The application is now available through GitHub to the public. In 2020, the medium-range forecasting application was released, launching this community approach to code-sharing and forecasting innovation. The UFS community also worked to ensure the code is ready for use by students at the graduate level and a new graduate student test is now available online. 

“This release of a UFS application further demonstrates our commitment to leverage the expertise of the weather community beyond NOAA to accelerate the emerging scientific and technological advancements from research into operations,” said Louis W. Uccellini, Ph.D., director of NOAA’s National Weather Service. 

The short-range weather application is the foundation of NOAA’s future convection-allowing ensemble forecast system, known as the Rapid Refresh Forecast System, which is the successor to the High-Resolution Rapid Refresh model, or the HRRR. 

UFS configurations that support particular forecast requirements are called applications. Each application combines a numerical model, data assimilation, post-processing, workflow, and other elements. Credit: NOAA

“NOAA is excited to give the weather research community the opportunity to work with this code before operational implementation,” said Craig McLean, NOAA Research Assistant Administrator. “It opens the door for collaboration much earlier in the model development process, which will maximize the model’s capabilities.”

The short-range weather application was developed by a community of partners from academia, the Developmental Testbed Center, and a cross-NOAA team of scientists from the Global Systems Laboratory, the National Severe Storms Laboratory, the Environmental Modeling Center, and the Storm Prediction Center. This collaborative approach to sharing model code benefits NOAA operations through its participation in the broader weather and modeling community. The UFS enables NOAA to simplify its production suite of forecasting models from many independent systems, each of which has to be improved and maintained separately, into a single and more streamlined modeling system with fewer, more comprehensive applications. The end goal is a suite of coupled UFS numerical weather models, which span local to global domains and predictive time scales from sub-hourly analyses to seasonal forecasts. 

The UFS will be bolstered by NOAA’s Earth Prediction Innovation Center (EPIC), made possible by Congressional authorization in 2019. EPIC will ensure that the UFS efforts are facilitating research and development in the modeling community whose efforts can then be applied to improve operational forecasts.

This latest release encompasses short-range weather/convection-allowing model atmospheric phenomena from less than an hour to several days and includes: a limited area modeling capability, pre- and post-processing utilities, the ability to use multiple sources of input data for initial and lateral boundary conditions, an end-to-end workflow, and comprehensive documentation, along with user support.

The first batch of code, for medium-range weather prediction, was released in March 2020, 

The UFS is a community-based, coupled, comprehensive Earth modeling system that shares the science components and software infrastructure for weather forecasting.


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Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) - or "NOAA Research" - provides the research foundation for understanding the complex systems that support our planet. Working in partnership with other organizational units of theĀ NOAA, a bureau of theĀ Department of Commerce, NOAA Research enables better forecasts, earlier warnings for natural disasters, and a greater understanding of the Earth. Our role is to provide unbiased science to better manage the environment, nationally, and globally.


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